Topic a: Preventing Sexual Abuse in Conflict Areas
Topic b: Promoting Women’s Political and Economical Participation in Developing Countries
The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, also known as UNWOMEN, is a United Nations entity working for the empowerment of women. Gender equality and protecting women’s rights are two of the world’s most crucial and ongoing issues, due to the situation where women are still underrepresented in many areas of the workforce and affected by the threat of conflict-related sexual violence in many areas of war.
The use of sexual violence in conflict is today recognized, codified and prosecuted as one of the most serious violations of international law. International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law define it as a war crime and a crime against humanity.
Conflict-related sexual violence is often thought of as rape of women and girls during wartime. Yet, as defined in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, the phenomenon is multifaceted and besides rape includes sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, enforced sterilization, forced marriage and any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity.
Women’s economic empowerment includes women’s ability to participate equally in existing markets; their access to and control over productive resources, access to decent work, control over their own time, lives and bodies; and increased voice, agency and meaningful participation in economic decision-making at all levels from the household to international institutions. Globally, over 2.7 billion women are legally restricted from having the same choice of jobs as men. Violence and harassment in the world of work affects women regardless of age, location, income or social status.
- This committee is advised to both beginner and intermediate-level delegates.