Topic a: Nuclear Weapons and Geopolitics in South Asia
Topic b: International Illicit Small Arms Production & Distribution
‘Small arms do not only make easy the taking and maiming of lives, but also kill economies and the social bonds on which every kind of collective institution and progress rely,’
-High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad al Hussein
In South Asia, according to analysts, there is an accelerating race for nuclear supremacy between three powers – India, Pakistan and China (while technically not classified as South Asia, the country shares borders with both India and Pakistan).
It has been known for some time that even a small-scale nuclear incident would produce casualties of unprecedented magnitude given the region’s weak medical and emergency infrastructure and the close proximity of urban areas to likely targets. A ‘small’ nuclear war would be an unprecedented catastrophe for the region, a major one would have lasting global physical, environmental and biological impacts.
Small arms and light weapons (SALW) are the main tools used in today’s conflicts, be they inter-state wars, civil wars or the actions of organized crime, and the cause of the majority of deaths from armed violence in the world mainly of civilians. No nation, region, or sub-region is immune from the dangers posed by the illicit trade-in and the proliferation of SALW. For a safe, secure future, more provisions must be made in order to combat the current issue of illicit small arms.
- This committee is advised to beginner-level delegates.